From the high echelons of international relations down to the smallest domestic level, fairness and justice among members of human society are essential requirements for maintaining peace and harmony. To maintain justice, rules and regulations are developed and enforced. Not only secular societies have their own judicial systems, but most of the world faith traditions have their particular religious laws according to their Holy Scriptures and ancient moral practices. God is just and those who believe in a Just God try to follow His commandments to be fair and equitable in dealing with each other. Hindus, Jews, Christians and Muslims have their ethical codes to promote justice.
In this volume of the Muslim Sunrise, we have tried to cover various aspects of Islamic system of justice. The Holy Qur’an gives a strong base to maintain justice in the world and it is one of the most important aspects of Islam’s mission. Islam is defined as “peace through submission of one’s will to the Will of God.” Muhammad (sa), the Holy Prophet of Islam, and his Rightly-Guided successors demonstrated the fundamental value of justice in Islamic society. The code of Islamic law, known as Sharia, is based on the verdicts of the Holy Qur’an, practice and sayings of the Holy Prophet (sa) and Ijtihad –exercise of personal judgment to ascertain a decision.
In his historic address at Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C., the Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Hadhrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad (aba) emphasized that all people are equal by birth in the sight of the Loving and Merciful God. Unfortunately, at present time at international level, people living in different countries are not treated equal, and this situation needs, through acts of justice, to be corrected if we want to establish peace on earth. This Islamic concept of justice was elaborated by Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad (rh), the Fourth Khalifa of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in a short article which is included in this issue. We also have other articles which cover in detail various aspects of Islamic system of justice, and help remove the misconceptions about Sharia and its relation with secular law. In Islam, justice needs to be established not only through a legal system and judiciary courts, but it is the duty of each and every person in society to remain just, discharging his/her obligations towards others. These articles also shed light on human rights, specially rights of women. One article elaborates the historical development of Islamic law during the era of Ottoman Empire – which was one of the most powerful states in the world. Another article deals with the system of justice – “Dar-ul-Qadha’a” — in the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community to arbitrate in some civil disputes outside the courts as allowed by the laws of many countries.
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Enjoy the articles of the volume: Muslim Sunrise – Fall 2017